What is sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is a technique that is used to treat spider veins, hemorrhoids, and other vascular malformations. It involves the injection on a specially formulated solution directly into the affected vein, causing it to collapse and forcing blood to reroute through healthier veins. The collapsed vein will eventually be assimilated into the local tissues surrounding it and consequently fades away.
Why should I consider sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy, more often than not, is employed for its cosmetic purposes. For some patients, the removal of unsightly spider veins is important to improve the appearance of the affected area. In addition to this, however, sclerotherapy also helps reduce aching, swelling, and leg cramps.
What should I expect from sclerotherapy?
During sclerotherapy, the patient will be asked to lay down with the legs slightly elevated. The treatment area will be sterilized with alcohol, and then the doctor will inject the solution into the appropriate vein using a fine needle. The solution works by causing the vein to swell shut, effectively cutting off the blood flow. This vein will eventually collapse and disappear. When a larger vein is involved, doctors may use a foam version of the solution that tends to cover more surface area then its liquid counterpart. When the solution has been administered and the needle is withdrawn, the doctor applies pressure onto the injection site to prevent blood from moving into the injection site and also to disperse the solution. A compression pad may be put on the injection site to maintain the pressure as the doctor moves on to the other veins.
The number of injections will depend upon the size and the number of veins implicated. The patient will be asked to lie down for about 20 minutes more after the treatment, but will be advised to walk around after that to prevent the formation of blood clots. Compression bandages will be used by the patience for the next three weeks to maintain pressure on the treated areas.
How soon will I see the effects of sclerotherapy?
Prior to the procedure, a protective gel will be applied onto the patient’s face, after which the Pellevé hand piece will be used to deliver the controlled radiofrequency into the skin. The patient will feel a warming sensation during the treatment, the intensity of which will serve as a guideline to describe the depth of the sensation as the treatment moves across the face. A single session to treat the entire face would take about 45 minutes to an hour.
How long does it take to see the results of Pellevé?
The treated veins will begin to fade away a few weeks after sclerotherapy. However, the full impact of the results may not be seen until about a month after the initial treatment. To maintain the results produced by sclerotherapy, additional treatments may be recommended by the doctor.